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About Opioid Analgesics

July 16, 2014 – 01:35 am
About Opioid Analgesics

History Opioid analgesics have been used as medicinal agents, especially for the treatment of acute and chronic pain, for thousands of years. Ancient Greeks first identified and used these medicines, which were originally derived from opium — the latex of immature seed capsules of the poppy flower (Papaver somniferum).5, 6 From these simple beginnings, opioid analgesics have become a mainstay of medical therapy used by millions of patients each year.7 …

Opioid analgesics for dogs

July 12, 2014 – 01:14 am
Opioid analgesics for dogs

Abstract Background Although opioid analgesics are the usual drugs to treat post-surgical pain, acupuncture has also been demonstrated to relieve various pain syndromes. The present pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of electroacupuncture compared with a conventional opioid compound, butorphanol, for postoperative pain treatment in dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. Methods Twelve dogs were randomly allocated into two groups. Dogs …

Opioid analgesics drug interactions

June 29, 2014 – 10:31 pm
Opioid analgesics drug interactions

September 24, 2011 Brian R. Overholser, PharmD and David R. Foster, PharmD, FCCP Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a significant problem, resulting in substantial morbidity, mortality, and healthcare expenses.1 In 2004, 1.2 million hospitalized patients experienced an ADR, 90% of which were due to a medication that was properly administered.2 Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are an important and potentially preventable source of ADRs. DDIs can be broadly …

Classification of opioid analgesics

June 26, 2014 – 10:11 pm
Classification of opioid analgesics

Rx Focus Yvette C. Terrie ,BSPharm,RPh As a health care community renews its focus on safe opioids prescribing practices,pharmacists have a pivotal role to play in managing this critical therapy for chronic pain. Opioid analgesic agents have been used for centuries for their analgesic effects and are considered to be the most commonly used pharmacologic agents for the management and treatment of moderate to severe pain. Although these agents are considered …

Opioid analgesics Contraindications

June 1, 2014 – 09:20 am
Opioid analgesics Contraindications

Introduction to opioids Opioids are strong analgesics used in the relief of pain, both acute and chronic, and cancer and non-cancer related. They are effective in nociceptive pain, and may be effective in neuropathic and inflammatory pain depending on the drug choice, dose and route. If used for long periods of time, opioids can be addictive. Mode of action All opioid analgesics mimic endogenous (meaning produced by the human body) endorphins by stimulating …

Opioid Analgesics

September 6, 2013 – 11:04
Opioid Analgesics

Opiate Pain Relievers for Chronic Pain Examples Generic Name Brand Name fentanyl Duragesic hydrocodone Norco, Vicodin hydromorphone Dilaudid, Exalgo morphine Astramorph, Avinza oxycodone OxyContin, Percocet Opioids are available in pills, liquids, or suckers to take by mouth, and in shot, skin patch, and suppository form. How It Works Opioid analgesics suppress your perception of pain and calm your emotional response to pain by reducing the number …

Opioid analgesics Classes

September 6, 2013 – 11:04
Opioid analgesics Classes

By Alexander J. Varond – After more than three years, FDA approved a class-wide Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (“REMS”) for extended-release and long-acting (“ER/LA”) opioid analgesics on July 9, 2012. The ER/LA opioid REMS applies to more than 20 companies and 30 products, and while it includes a shared implementation program, each opioid product REMS is to be written and approved as an individual document. In this post, we first briefly …

Analgesics (Non-Opioids)

September 6, 2013 – 11:06 am
Analgesics (Non-Opioids)

Focused Ultrasound Treatment for Bone Pain Palliation of Bone Mets