Health Effects - Analgesics

September 6, 2013 – 11:04

Although analgesics may help to control pain in the short-term,with over-use or prolonged use they can cause unpleasant side effects,including:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Chronic headaches
  • Decreased appetite
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Kidney damage
  • Aggravation of asthma
  • Dizziness
  • Skin rash
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Heartburn.

The type,number of and intensity of negative effects will depend upon:

  • The type of analgesic being used
  • The number of analgesics consumed
  • How long the analgesics are being used for
  • The health of the user
  • Existing medical conditions
  • Whether other drugs are also being used.

Headaches and menstrual pain are two common types of pain that can sometimes be relieved using drug-free methods. These methods can help you remove the cause of the pain,and can be more effective than using an analgesic.

CAUSE OF PAIN ALTERNATIVES
Tension headache
  • Lie down and rest in a cool,dark room.
  • If you are worried,try talking to someone. Together you may be able to come up with a solution.
  • Listen to music.
  • If you wear glasses,check that they suit your eyes and are fitted correctly.

Headache caused
by dehydration
(sport,sun)
  • Drink lots of water,especially if the weather is hot or you have been playing sport. Many headaches are caused by dehydration.
  • Rest in a cool,dark room.
Migraine
  • Avoid bright or flashing lights.
  • Ask someone to massage your face,neck,head and shoulders.
  • Rest and relax.
  • Use an ice pack on the temples.
Headache (other
causes)
  • See your doctor if you have bumped your head or injured yourself.
  • Eat regularly. Skipping meals can cause headaches.
Menstruation
  • Have a warm drink.
  • Place a hot water bottle on the painful area.
  • Ask someone to massage your lower back.
  • Light exercise such as walking or yoga might help.

Combining analgesics with alcohol may cause drowsiness,loss of coordination and slower reflexes. These side effects make it dangerous to operate machinery or drive.

Analgesics can be dangerous if used in combination with other medications or drugs. Using two or more drugs at the same time is commonly known as polydrug use.

Combining analgesics with alcohol may cause drowsiness,loss of coordination and slower reflexes. These side effects make it dangerous to operate machinery or drive. If you are prescribed analgesics,it is important to tell your doctor if you are taking other medications or drugs. This will prevent the analgesic and other drugs from interacting in your body,which may produce unpleasant side effects.

Source: drugaware.com.au

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