Types And When To Use

July 8, 2014 – 12:48 am

There are many different types of analgesics. The most common are:

  1. Codeine (Narcotic analgesic).
  2. Morphine (Narcotic analgesic).
  3. Methadone (Narcotic analgesic).
  4. Paracetamol (Acetaminophen analgesic).
  5. Aspirin (Non-steroidal inflammatory analgesic).
  6. Combination products that may contain aspirin or paracetamol and a substance called codeine.

Analgesics can be effective in relieving the pain and discomfort caused by a migraine, colds and flu, headaches, backaches, menstrual (or period) pain and muscular aches. However, analgesics are usually only meant to be used for a short period of time. They should never be used for more than three days without medical supervision.

To treat severe pain, a doctor may prescribe stronger analgesics, which can only be bought from a pharmacy with a prescription.

If you do use analgesics, there are a number of things to remember:

  • Analgesics should be used strictly as directed. Read the instructions on the label and take the recommended dose. Taking more than the recommended dose will not increase the positive effects, and may cause unpleasant side effects such as vomiting, diarrhoea or dizziness.
  • Analgesics should only be used when in date (the expiry date is on the packet).
  • Paracetamol becomes toxic after its expiry date.
  • If the pain persists, visit your doctor.

Analgesics will not:

  • Cure whatever is causing your pain.
  • Prevent a headache.
  • Boost your energy levels.

There may be other ways to cope with pain other than using analgesics. The best way to avoid pain is by staying fit and healthy. This means you should exercise regularly, eat a balanced diet, get plenty of sleep and learn good relaxation techniques.

However, there are times when analgesics may be the best option regardless of alternative therapies (e.g. injury, to ease a migraine or to lower fever). Consult with your doctor or pharmacist whether analgesics are right for your pain.

Source: drugaware.com.au

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  4. Effects of Analgesics
  5. Polarity of Analgesics