Adjuv Analgesia in Pain

Intrathecal adjuvants - Indian Journal of Pain

May 6, 2014 – 03:47 am

Rescheduled: combination analgesics containing codeine will come

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ORIGINAL ARTICLE: A comparative evaluation of intrathecal bupivacaine alone, sufentanil or butorphanol in combinati...

Manpreet Kaur, Sunil Katyal, Suneet Kathuria, Prabhjot Singh

Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, Year 2011, Volume 5, Issue 2 [p. 202-207]

DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.82804 PMID: 21804804Background: The objective of the present study was to compare the onset, degree and recovery time of sensory and motor block and hemodynamic effects of intrathecal bupivacaine alone and bupivacaine with sufentanil or butorphanol in endoscopic urological surgeries. Methods: In a randomized, double-blind study, 90 patients of either sex and age, belonging to ASA Grades I and II, scheduled for elective endoscopic urological surgeries under spinal anesthesia, were allocated into three groups of 30 each. Patients received either 2.5 ml of 0.5% hyperbaric buypivacaine 12.5 mg (Group A), 1.5 ml of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine 7.5 mg with 10 μg sufentanil (Group B) or 1.5 ml of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine 7.5 mg with 25 μg butorphanol (Group C). Vital parameters, level, duration and regression of sensory block and motor block and side-effects were recorded and compared. Statistical Analysis Analysis of variance (ANOVA), post hoc test and Chi-square test were used. Results: Intrathecal addition of sufentanil/butorphanol prolonged the duration of sensory block (DOSB) compared with bupivacaine alone (DOSB being 156.83±23.83 min, 170.87 ± 22.21 min and 171.17 ± 23.99 min in groups A, B and C, respectively) without altering the duration of motor blockade. Bromage score 3 was achieved in 100%, 90% and 54.4% patients in groups A, B and C, respectively. The time to first request for analgesia was 112 ± 46.3 min, 323 ± 65.0 min and 299 ± 73.9 min in groups A, B and C, respectively. Complications were reduced by the addition of butorphanol, which also has a lower tendency than sufentanil to produce pruritus (60%). Conclusions: The analgesia was significantly prolonged in groups B and C; group C had a less-intense motor block. Complications were reduced by the addition of butorphanol, which also has a lower tendency than sufentanil to produce pruritus. Thus, this combination of butorphanol with low-dose bupivacaine is especially beneficial in the geriatric group of patients who have multiple co-morbid conditions.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Intrathecal clonidine for perioperative pain relief in abdominal hysterectomy

Debjyoti Dutta, Chhandasi Naskar, Rita Wahal, VK Bhatia, Vinita Singh

Indian Journal of Pain, Year 2013, Volume 27, Issue 1 [p. 26-32]

Source: www.indianjpain.org

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