Are Analgesics Narcotics

Narcotic analgesics - for pain relief Oral, Parenteral, Rectal Advanced Patient Information

September 6, 2013 – 11:03

Vicodin - Hydrocodone plus acetaminophen

Class Name: narcotic analgesics (

FOR PAIN RELIEF (Oral route, Parenteral route, Rectal route)

Commonly used brand name(s):

In the U.S.

  • Avinza
  • Darvon
  • Darvon-N
  • Dazidox
  • Demerol
  • Dilaudid
  • Dilaudid-5
  • Dolophine
  • Eth-Oxydose
  • Kadian
  • Kadian ER
  • Levo-Dromoran
  • Meperitab
  • Methadone HCl Intensol
  • Nucynta
  • Opana
  • Orlaam
  • Oxycontin CR
  • Pp-Cap
  • Ultram
  • Ultram ER

In Canada

  • Codeine Phosphate
  • Demerol 10%
  • Demerol 5%
  • Demerol 7.5%
  • Hycodan
  • M.O.S.-10
  • M.O.S.-20
  • M.O.S.-20 Concentrate
  • M.O.S.-30
  • Metadol
  • Metadol-D

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet
  • Liquid
  • Tablet, Extended Release
  • Capsule, Extended Release
  • Suppository
  • Solution
  • Lozenge/Troche
  • Tablet for Suspension
  • Syrup
  • Capsule
  • Suspension
  • Capsule, Extended Release, 24 HR
  • Suppository, Extended Release
  • Powder for Suspension, Extended Release
  • Capsule, Delayed Release
  • Tincture

Uses For This Medicine

Narcotic analgesics are used to relieve pain. Some of these medicines are also used just before or during an operation to help the anesthetic work better. Codeine and hydrocodone are also used to relieve coughing. Methadone is also used to help some people control their dependence on heroin or other narcotics. Narcotic analgesics may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Narcotic analgesics act in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain. Some of their side effects are also caused by actions in the CNS.

If a narcotic is used for a long time, it may become habit-forming (causing mental or physical dependence). Physical dependence may lead to withdrawal side effects when you stop taking the medicine.

These medicines are available only with your medical doctor's or dentist's prescription. For some of them, prescriptions cannot be refilled and you must obtain a new prescription from your medical doctor or dentist each time you need the medicine. In addition, other rules and regulations may apply when methadone is used to treat narcotic dependence.

These medicines are available only with your doctor's prescription.

Once a medicine has been approved for marketing for a certain use, experience may show that it is also useful for other medical problems. Although not specifically included in product labeling, morphine by injection is used in certain patients with the following medical conditions:

  • Pain, during mechanical ventilation, neonatal
  • Pain, postoperative, neonatal

Before Using This Medicine


Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to medicines in this group or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.


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